Unlike other electrotherapy modalities like TENS or IFT that apply electrical current in units of milli-amphere (1/1,000 Amp)which can trigger significant muscle contraction, Microcurrent Therapy (MENS) use electrical current in millions of an amphere (1/1,000,000 Amp). Microcurrent will not trigger muscle contraction. In most cases, recipients do not even have any sensation of electrical current because sensory receptors are not stimulated.
Microcurrent works on a cellular level to help stimulate the healing process. It is based upon the theory that the body's electrical balance is disrupted when an injury occurs, leading the natural electrical current of the body changes course. Microcurrent has the ability to to restore this balance.
Microcurrent therapy can relieve pain, stimulate wound healing, help stimulate the regeneration of injured tissue, provide relief to myofascial trigger points, increase protein synthesis, and stimulate lymphatic flow.
Studies have shown that Microcurrent stimulation can increase Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) production by 500%. ATP is the main energy source for the majority of cellular functions. This includes the synthesis of macromolecules, including DNA, RNA, and proteins. ATP also plays a critical role in the transport of macromolecules across cell membranes, e.g. exocytosis and endocytosis. ATP is critically involved in maintaining cell structure by facilitating assembly and disassembly of elements of the cytoskeleton. In a related process, ATP is required for the shortening of actin and myosin filament crossbridges required for muscle contraction.
Clinical practice with Microcurrent Therapy have shown positive results in the following indications: